Crowdsourcing as an Element of Expertise

Evgeniy V. Maslanov
Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod

Crowd­sourc­ing as an Ele­ment of Exper­tise

Abstract. This paper focus­es on the analy­sis of the design and exper­tise of human­i­tar­i­an and social inno­va­tions. The author con­cludes that in the above-men­tioned process­es experts face a num­ber of unfore­seen dif­fi­cul­ties. These dif­fi­cul­ties are caused by quite a pecu­liar “epis­te­mo­log­i­cal bar­ri­er,” which is asso­ci­at­ed with the fact that human­i­tar­i­an and social inno­va­tions are com­mon­ly close­ly relat­ed to cer­tain local con­texts, while experts assess them bas­ing on some com­mon for­mal­ized knowl­edge, which is not nec­es­sar­i­ly referred to the local con­texts. The dis­cus­sion ends with the impli­ca­tion that to over­come this “bar­ri­er” it is nec­es­sary to use the infor­mal knowl­edge and expe­ri­ence of ordi­nary peo­ple for whom local con­texts form their every­day life back­ground. The crowd­sourc­ing tech­nol­o­gy serves the case, which becomes a part of the project exper­tise.

Key­words: exper­tise, human­i­tar­i­an and social in-nova­tions, crowd­sourc­ing, Inter­net, for­mal­ized knowl­edge, tac­it knowl­edge.

DOI: 10.5840/dspl2018115


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