The first European model of knowledge society: the School of Chartres

Mikhail Yu. Openkov
North­ern (Arc­tic) Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty named after M.V. Lomonosov.

Niko­lai B. Tetenkov
North­ern (Arc­tic) Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty named after M. V. Lomonosov

The first Euro­pean mod­el of knowl­edge soci­ety: the School of Chartres

Abstract. This paper con­sid­ers the issue of whether the knowl­edge soci­ety is only a prod­uct of the post-indus­tri­al econ­o­my, or it is a his­tor­i­cal­ly repet­i­tive process that occurs at a cer­tain lev­el of sci­en­tif­ic devel­op­ment with­in a cer­tain time and edu­ca­tion sys­tem. As the authors put it, the School of Chartres was the first Euro­pean mod­el of the knowl­edge soci­ety. Fur­ther­more, a cer­tain epis­temic regime has a sig­nif­i­cant impact on the role of knowl­edge and infor­ma­tion in soci­ety in the sense that the art of teach­ing becomes pos­si­ble as long as the rel­e­vant tech­niques of mas­ter­ing the mate­r­i­al and hold­ing dis­cus­sions with stu­dents are pro­vid­ed.
In the paper, the epis­temic regime of the XII cen­tu­ry is char­ac­ter­ized as engag­ing both explic­it and implic­it types of knowl­edge in the same activ­i­ty. This should be com­ple­ment­ed by the mechan­i­cal and math­e­mat­i­cal cos­mol­o­gy, the prin­ci­ples of which extend­ed to the bio­log­i­cal world, as well as by the the­o­ry of ele­men­tary par­ti­cles being the fun­da­men­tal con­stituents of mat­ter in con­nec­tion with the the­o­ry of flow that explains the force move­ment of bod­ies. All of these indi­cate the sci­en­tif­ic matu­ri­ty of the School of Chartres and the extra­or­di­nary refine­ment of its ideas. The impor­tance of the School of Chartres for the mod­ern knowl­edge soci­ety is very sig­nif­i­cant, as it teach­es the method­ol­o­gy of think­ing.

Key­words: knowl­edge soci­ety, knowl­edge econ­o­my, School of Chartres, edu­ca­tion, scholas­tics, meta­para­dig­mat­ic use of infor­ma­tion.



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