Mikhail Yu. Openkov
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov.
Nikolai B. Tetenkov
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M. V. Lomonosov
The first European model of knowledge society: the School of Chartres
Abstract. This paper considers the issue of whether the knowledge society is only a product of the post-industrial economy, or it is a historically repetitive process that occurs at a certain level of scientific development within a certain time and education system. As the authors put it, the School of Chartres was the first European model of the knowledge society. Furthermore, a certain epistemic regime has a significant impact on the role of knowledge and information in society in the sense that the art of teaching becomes possible as long as the relevant techniques of mastering the material and holding discussions with students are provided.
In the paper, the epistemic regime of the XII century is characterized as engaging both explicit and implicit types of knowledge in the same activity. This should be complemented by the mechanical and mathematical cosmology, the principles of which extended to the biological world, as well as by the theory of elementary particles being the fundamental constituents of matter in connection with the theory of flow that explains the force movement of bodies. All of these indicate the scientific maturity of the School of Chartres and the extraordinary refinement of its ideas. The importance of the School of Chartres for the modern knowledge society is very significant, as it teaches the methodology of thinking.
Keywords: knowledge society, knowledge economy, School of Chartres, education, scholastics, metaparadigmatic use of information.
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