What is hidden in the black box: “Disenchantment” of science and the aftermath

Artem M. Feigel­man
Nation­al Research Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod

What is hid­den in the black box: “Dis­en­chant­ment” of sci­ence and the after­math

Abstract. The paper is a reply to E.V. Maslanov’s arti­cle that focus­es on today’s fea­tures of com­mu­ni­ca­tion between sci­en­tif­ic and non-sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ties. The author argues that the ever-increas­ing trans­paren­cy of the bound­aries between sci­en­tists and non-sci­en­tists, achieved through the evolv­ing mod­ern means of com­mu­ni­ca­tion, is fruit­ful for both soci­ety and sci­ence. This com­mu­nica­tive trend is com­pared with Weber’s “dis­en­chant­ment”, whose object is not nature, but sci­ence itself that is thus desacral­ized and deprived of an aura of mys­tery for the unini­ti­at­ed. The illus­tra­tion of the his­to­ry of Ther­a­nos affirms the dan­ger of secret sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge and insti­tu­tions, espe­cial­ly if the lat­ter claim to change the hu-man world and are linked with large finan­cial invest­ments. The paper empha­sizes that the move­ment towards a non-sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ty is not a dan­ger to the auton­o­my of sci­ence, but rather a key to a respon­si­ble and inter­est­ed rela­tion­ship between sci­en­tists and soci­ety. The author ques­tions the dan­ger that, accord­ing to E.V. Maslanov, threat­ens sci­ence because of the sit­u­a­tion in which the recent sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge is get­ting avail­able to a wider pub­lic. Using the exam­ple of E. Strelkov’s art work “The Third Idea,” the author states that even in sci­ence-art projects, which are a trad­ing zone be-tween sci­en­tif­ic and non-sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ties, sci­ence appears as an autonomous field that requires a spe­cial approach and effort to under­stand. He con­cludes about the need for an inter­est­ed and simul­ta­ne­ous­ly crit­i­cal dia­logue between sci­en­tists and non-sci­en­tists. Such a dia­logue appears the basis for main­tain­ing the auton­o­my of the sci­en­tif­ic community’s life world from pow­er claims com­ing from the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the “sys­tem” includ­ing busi­ness, gov­ern­ment, and church orga­ni­za­tions.

Key­words: sci­ence com­mu­ni­ca­tion, trad­ing zone, infor­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nol­o­gy, dis­en­chant­ment, sci­ence art, Ther­a­nos, Eliz­a­beth Holmes, Evgeniy Strelkov

DOI: 10.5840/dspl2020314


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