Dmitriy A. Skorodumov
National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod
Dialectics and deconstruction as a framework of the radical theology
Abstract. The article demonstrates the philosophical content of the radical theology and exposes two main groups of the principles which theologians involve to build their “systems” – the principles of dialectics and deconstruction. The article reveals the essence of the radical theology as religious thinking that attempts to experience and overcome the “death of God”. The author ponders the genesis of radical theology in Friedrich Nietzsche’s works – the genesis expressed as the disappearance of objective truth; and in the works by Hegel, who represented God as a dialectical process of self-negation. D. Bonhoeffer is conceived as a successor of the dialectical method; he implements a main feature of dialectics that is the speculative reconciliation of the opposites; it appears in the form of a combination of an attraction to the faith and cult, and at the same time with recognizing that religious practices are unnecessary. This contradiction is developed in T. Altizer’s and W. Hamilton’s works disclosing the present world in a tragic light. Finiteness and hopelessness are the main categories of their thinking. God is a dialectical process that is fully revealed in modern times, eliminating all mystery and otherness embodied in reality. Deconstruction theology is presented by M. Taylor, J. Caputo and G. Vattimo who build ontology on framework of Derrida‘s philosophy, presenting the world as an infinite network of signifiers. They turn God into the uncertain idea of creativity. At the end of the article, there is an attempt to reveal contradictions between the two kinds of radical theology.
Keywords: radical theology, dialectic, deconstruction, Caputo, Vattimo, Taylor, Altizer, Derrida, finiteness, game.
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