Dialectics and deconstruction as a framework of the radical theology

Dmitriy A. Sko­ro­du­mov
Nation­al Research Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod

Dialec­tics and decon­struc­tion as a frame­work of the rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy

Abstract. The arti­cle demon­strates the philo­soph­i­cal con­tent of the rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy and expos­es two main groups of the prin­ci­ples which the­olo­gians involve to build their “sys­tems” – the prin­ci­ples of dialec­tics and decon­struc­tion. The arti­cle reveals the essence of the rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy as reli­gious think­ing that attempts to expe­ri­ence and over­come the “death of God”. The author pon­ders the gen­e­sis of rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy in Friedrich Nietzsche’s works – the gen­e­sis expressed as the dis­ap­pear­ance of objec­tive truth; and in the works by Hegel, who rep­re­sent­ed God as a dialec­ti­cal process of self-nega­tion. D. Bon­ho­ef­fer is con­ceived as a suc­ces­sor of the dialec­ti­cal method; he imple­ments a main fea­ture of dialec­tics that is the spec­u­la­tive rec­on­cil­i­a­tion of the oppo­sites; it appears in the form of a com­bi­na­tion of an attrac­tion to the faith and cult, and at the same time with rec­og­niz­ing that reli­gious prac­tices are unnec­es­sary. This con­tra­dic­tion is devel­oped in T. Altizer’s and W. Hamilton’s works dis­clos­ing the present world in a trag­ic light. Finite­ness and hope­less­ness are the main cat­e­gories of their think­ing. God is a dialec­ti­cal process that is ful­ly revealed in mod­ern times, elim­i­nat­ing all mys­tery and oth­er­ness embod­ied in real­i­ty. Decon­struc­tion the­ol­o­gy is pre­sent­ed by M. Tay­lor, J. Caputo and G. Vat­ti­mo who build ontol­ogy on frame­work of Derrida‘s phi­los­o­phy, pre­sent­ing the world as an infi­nite net­work of sig­ni­fiers. They turn God into the uncer­tain idea of cre­ativ­i­ty. At the end of the arti­cle, there is an attempt to reveal con­tra­dic­tions between the two kinds of rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy.

Key­words: rad­i­cal the­ol­o­gy, dialec­tic, decon­struc­tion, Caputo, Vat­ti­mo, Tay­lor, Altiz­er, Der­ri­da, finite­ness, game.



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