Ekaterina A. Koval
Middle-Volga Institute (branch) of Russian State University of Justice (MOJ Russia RPA) in Saransk
Non-normative strategies of scientific communication
Abstract. The article focuses on the problem of value and normative deviations allowed by subjects of scientific communication. The article aims to analyze the strategies of scientific communication that go beyond the normative and enable the formation of “institutions of distrust” in the modern academic community. To achieve this aim, it is necessary to investigate the causes and conditions that contribute to violations of the norms and requirements imposed on the procedure for publishing academic papers. In addition, it is necessary to characterize the negative consequences of such violations for scientific community and identify strategies for solving problems in the field of scientific communication. The main method used is an analysis of a non-normative content of the common academic communication strategies, such as a presentation and a struggle for recognition. These strategies become the case mainly through the publication of research papers. Interactions between subjects of scientific communication can be both normative and non-normative, having attributes of an information confrontation. Non-normative strategies of scientific communication hinder the acceleration of scientific progress and provoke the emergence of various forms of “gray” practices, such as abundant quotation, self-plagiarism, honorific authorship, etc. In order to prevent the “institutions of distrust” in that public segment where scientific communications take place, we need a combination of different measures. It is necessary to adopt optimal criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the scientist’s activity, to create conditions for improving the culture of scientific research, to introduce into scientific and academic environments an attitude to any academic dishonesty as inappropriate. To fulfil these tasks, we suggest attempting to apply a communitarian approach based on the view of a value-normative organization of communities. It is necessary to facilitate a megalogue between authors, editors, publishers, reviewers, representatives of state bodies and other persons interested in preventing the non-normative strategies of scientific communication.
Keywords: scientific communication, communicative strategies, plagiarism, “gray” practices, academic community, institutional distrust, megalogue.
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