Non-normative strategies of scientific communication

Eka­te­ri­na A. Koval
Mid­dle-Vol­ga Insti­tute (branch) of Russ­ian State Uni­ver­si­ty of Jus­tice (MOJ Rus­sia RPA) in Saran­sk

Non-nor­ma­tive strate­gies of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion

Abstract. The arti­cle focus­es on the prob­lem of val­ue and nor­ma­tive devi­a­tions allowed by sub­jects of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion. The arti­cle aims to ana­lyze the strate­gies of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion that go beyond the nor­ma­tive and enable the for­ma­tion of “insti­tu­tions of dis­trust” in the mod­ern aca­d­e­m­ic com­mu­ni­ty. To achieve this aim, it is nec­es­sary to inves­ti­gate the caus­es and con­di­tions that con­tribute to vio­la­tions of the norms and require­ments imposed on the pro­ce­dure for pub­lish­ing aca­d­e­m­ic papers. In addi­tion, it is nec­es­sary to char­ac­ter­ize the neg­a­tive con­se­quences of such vio­la­tions for sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ty and iden­ti­fy strate­gies for solv­ing prob­lems in the field of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion. The main method used is an analy­sis of a non-nor­ma­tive con­tent of the com­mon aca­d­e­m­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion strate­gies, such as a pre­sen­ta­tion and a strug­gle for recog­ni­tion. These strate­gies become the case main­ly through the pub­li­ca­tion of research papers. Inter­ac­tions between sub­jects of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion can be both nor­ma­tive and non-nor­ma­tive, hav­ing attrib­ut­es of an infor­ma­tion con­fronta­tion. Non-nor­ma­tive strate­gies of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion hin­der the accel­er­a­tion of sci­en­tif­ic progress and pro­voke the emer­gence of var­i­ous forms of “gray” prac­tices, such as abun­dant quo­ta­tion, self-pla­gia­rism, hon­orif­ic author­ship, etc.  In order to pre­vent the “insti­tu­tions of dis­trust” in that pub­lic seg­ment where sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tions take place, we need a com­bi­na­tion of dif­fer­ent mea­sures. It is nec­es­sary to adopt opti­mal cri­te­ria for assess­ing the effec­tive­ness of the scientist’s activ­i­ty, to cre­ate con­di­tions for improv­ing the cul­ture of sci­en­tif­ic research, to intro­duce into sci­en­tif­ic and aca­d­e­m­ic envi­ron­ments an atti­tude to any aca­d­e­m­ic dis­hon­esty as inap­pro­pri­ate. To ful­fil these tasks, we sug­gest attempt­ing to apply a com­mu­ni­tar­i­an approach based on the view of a val­ue-nor­ma­tive orga­ni­za­tion of com­mu­ni­ties. It is nec­es­sary to facil­i­tate a mega­logue between authors, edi­tors, pub­lish­ers, review­ers, rep­re­sen­ta­tives of state bod­ies and oth­er per­sons inter­est­ed in pre­vent­ing the non-nor­ma­tive strate­gies of sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion.

Key­words: sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ca­tion, com­mu­nica­tive strate­gies, pla­gia­rism, “gray” prac­tices, aca­d­e­m­ic com­mu­ni­ty, insti­tu­tion­al dis­trust, mega­logue.



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