Philosopher as a mediator

Alek­san­dr M. Dorozhkin
Nation­al Research Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod

Philoso­pher as a medi­a­tor

Abstract. This paper aims to ana­lyze some dif­fi­cul­ties encoun­tered dur­ing the inter­dis­ci­pli­nary prac­tices in the pro­duc­tion of new sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge. The major one is the prob­lem of under­stand­ing, viewed in terms of form­ing a shared lan­guage and a com­mu­ni­ca­tion envi­ron­ment, and, as a result, a choice of a medi­a­tor. These ques­tions involve con­sid­er­ing the con­cepts of the “trad­ing zone” (Peter Gal­i­son) and the “inter­ac­tion­al exper­tise” (Har­ry Collins and Richard Evans). The author esti­mates the trend in obtain­ing sev­er­al high­er edu­ca­tions (a so-called “mul­ti-spe­cial­ist”) as hard­ly facil­i­tat­ing suc­cess­ful trad­ing zones, particularly, if the areas of study are dis­tant (a “physi­cist-lawyer”). Such prac­tices are described in terms of the “imposed ratio­nal­i­ty”. Along with it, the author prob­lema­tizes the effi­ca­cy of an inter­preter between dif­fer­ent sci­en­tif­ic sub­cul­tures (Collins, Evans). As a more pro­duc­tive alter­na­tive, he con­sid­ers a shared com­mu­ni­ca­tion envi­ron­ment and a rel­e­vant medi­a­tor to “encour­age” its functioning. Contemplating on the fig­ures of a pos­si­ble medi­a­tor, the author sug­gests the philoso­pher and dis­cuss­es their pecu­liar­i­ties in such a capac­i­ty. At this point, he also regards sev­er­al con­cep­tions con­nect­ed to the medi­at­ing role of phi­los­o­phy, such as the views of the nine­teenth and ear­ly twen­ti­eth cen­turies Ger­man thinkers Wil­helm Dilthey and Wil­helm Wundt; also mod­ern trends and ideas: philo­soph­i­cal coun­sel­ing, “phi­los­o­phy as interdisciplinarity” (Steve Fuller), epis­temic analy­sis with­in the par­tic­i­pa­tion of philoso­phers in inter­dis­ci­pli­nary projects (Nan­cy Tua­na). The author depicts a vari­ety of obsta­cles await­ing the phi­los­o­phy in such a medi­a­tion..

Key­words: com­mu­ni­ca­tion, inter­me­di­a­tion, medi­a­tor, imposed ratio­nal­i­ty, trad­ing zone, shared lan­guage, inter­dis­ci­pli­nar­i­ty.

DOI10.5840/dspl20181213

Ref­er­ences:

  1. Astasho­va, N.D. Che­lovek infor­mat­sionno­go obshch­est­va v usloviyakh «navyazan­noy rat­sion­al­nos­ti» [The Per­son of the Infor­ma­tion Soci­ety in the Con­text of “Imposed Ratio­nal­i­ty”]: CSc in Phi­los­o­phy Dis­ser­ta­tion. Nizh­ny Nov­gorod, 2017. 147 p. (in Russ­ian)
  2. Baranets, N.G., Voron­i­na, N.N. “Prob­le­ma medi­a­torov ‘zon obme­na’” [The prob­lem of trad­ing zones’ medi­a­tors], Epis­te­mol­o­gy & Phi­los­o­phy of Sci­ence / Epis­te­mologiya i filosofiya nau­ki, 2017, no. 4, pp. 39–44. (in Russ­ian) DOI: 10.5840/eps201754465
    Collins, H., Evans, R. Rethink­ing Exper­tise. Chica­go: Uni­ver­si­ty of Chica­go Press, 2007. 159 p.
  3. Collins, H., Evans, R., Gor­man, M. “Trad­ing Zones and Inter­ac­tion­al Exper-tise”, Stud­ies in His­to­ry and Phi­los­o­phy of Sci­ence, 2007, part A, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 657–666.
  4. Das­gup­ta, D. “Sci­en­tif­ic Prac­tice in the Con­texts of Periph­er­al Sci­ence: C.V. Raman and His Con­struc­tion of a Mechan­i­cal Vio­lin-Play­er”, Per­spec­tives on Sci­ence, 2016, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 381–395. DOI: 10.1162/POSC_a_00212
  5. Das­gup­ta, D., Levine, A. “Trad­ing zones, periph­er­al sci­ence and con­trib­u­to­ry exper­tise: a frame­work for explor­ing sci­ence out­side the West­ern con­texts”, Cur­rent Sci­ence, 2013, vol. 104, no. 12, pp. 1616–1618.
  6. Dilthey, W. Sushch­nost filosofii [Das Wesen der Philoso­phie]. In: Philoso-phy in its sys­tem­at­ic expo­si­tion by W. Dilthey, A. Riehl, W. Ost­wald, W. Wundt, H. Ebbing­haus, R. Euck­en, F. Paulsen, W. Muench, Th. Lipps. Moscow: Izd. Dom “Ter­ri­toriya budushego”, 2006, pp. 13–82. (in Russ­ian)
  7. Entsik­lo­pe­diya epis­te­mologii i filosofii nau­ki [Ency­clo­pe­dia of Epis­te­mol­o­gy and Phi­los­o­phy of Sci­ence]. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabil­i­tat­siya”, 2009. 1248 p. (in Russ­ian)
  8. Volk­mann, P. Teoriya poz­naniya yestestven­nykh nauk. Svyazikh s dukhovnoy zhiznyu nashego vre­meni [Erken­nt­nis­the­o­retis­che Grundzüge der Natur­wis­senschaften und ihre Beziehun­gen zum Geis­tesleben der Gegen­wart] / Transl. by G.A. Kotl­yar, P.S. Yushke­vich. St. Peters­burg: Obra­zo­vanie, 1911, 368 p. (in Russ­ian)
  9. Frode­man, R., Brig­gle, A., “Hol­brook, J.B. Phi­los­o­phy in the Age of Ne-olib­er­al­ism”, Social Epis­te­mol­o­gy: A Jour­nal of Knowl­edge, Cul­ture and Pol­i­cy, 2012, vol 26, iss. 3–4, pp. 311–330.
  10. Fuller, S. “Deviant inter­dis­ci­pli­nar­i­ty as philo­soph­i­cal prac­tice: pro­le­gom­e­na to deep intel­lec­tu­al his­to­ry”, Syn­these, 2013, vol. 190, iss. 11, pp. 1899–1916. DOI: 10.1007/s11229-012‑0208-6
  11. Gal­i­son, P. “Zona obme­na: koor­di­nat­siya ubezh­deniy i deystviy” [Trad­ing zone: coor­di­nat­ing action an], Voprosy Istorii Estestvoz­nani­ia i Tekhni­ki [Stud­ies in His­to­ry of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy], 2004, no. 1, pp. 64–92. (in Russ­ian)
  12. Gal­i­son, P. Trad­ing zone: coor­di­nat­ing action and belief. In: Bia­gi­oli, M. (ed.) The Sci­ence Stud­ies Read­er. New York: Rout­ledge, 1999, pp. 137–160
  13. Ivano­va N.A. Nau­ka kak sot­sial­naya prak­ti­ka i ee gabit­u­al­noye osno­vaniye [Sci­ence as a Social Prac­tice and Its Habit­u­al Basis]: DSc in Phi­los­o­phy Diss­er-tation. Tom­sk, 2015. 341 p. (in Russ­ian)
  14. Kasavin, I.T. “Zony obme­na kak pred­met sot­sial­noy filosofii nau­ki” [Trad­ing zones as a sub­ject-mat­ter of social phi­los­o­phy of sci­ence], Epis­te­mol­o­gy & phi­los­o­phy of sci­ence, 2017, vol. 51, vol. 1, pp. 8–17. (in Russ­ian) DOI: 10.5840/eps20175111
  15. Kasavin, I.T. “Megaproyek­ty i glob­al­nye proyek­ty. Nau­ka mezh­du utopiyey i tekhnokratiyey” [Mega-projects and glob­al projects: sci­ence between utopia and tech­noc­ra­cy], Voprosy Filosofii [Ques­tions of Phi­los­o­phy], 2015, vol. 9, pp. 40–56. (in Russ­ian)
  16. Kasavin, I.T. Migrat­siya. Kreativnost. Tekst. Prob­le­my neklas­sich­eskoy teorii poz­naniya [Migra­tion. Cre­ativ­i­ty. Text. Prob­lems of the non-clas­si­cal the­o­ry of knowl­edge]. St. Peters­burg: RHGI, 1998. 408 p. (in Russ­ian)
  17. Klein, J.T. Inter­dis­ci­pli­nar­i­ty: His­to­ry, the­o­ry and prac­tice. Detroit, MI: Wayne State Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 1991. 336 p.
  18. Lahav, R. “Filosof­skaya prak­ti­ka – quo vadis? [Philo­soph­i­cal prac­tice –quo vadis?]”, Sot­si­um i vlast [Soci­ety and pow­er], 2016, no. 1, pp. 7–14. (in Russ­ian)
  19. Mari­noff, L. On the emer­gence of eth­i­cal coun­sel­ing: con­sid­er­a­tions of two case stud­ies. In: R. Lahav, M. da Ven­za Till­manns (ed.) Essays on philo­soph­i­cal coun­sel­ing. Lan­ham, MD: Uni­ver­si­ty Press of Amer­i­ca, 1995, pp. 171–192.
  20. O’Rourke, M., Crow­ley, S.J. “Philo­soph­i­cal inter­ven­tion and cross-dis­ci­pli­nary sci­ence: the sto­ry of the Tool­box Project”, Syn­these, 2013, vol. 190, iss. 11, pp. 1937–1954. DOI: 10.1007/s11229-012‑0175-y
  21. Polanyi, M. “Lich­nos­t­noye znaniye. Na puti k postkritich­eskoy filosofii” [Per­son­al Knowl­edge: Towards a Post-Crit­i­cal Phi­los­o­phy] / Transl. by M.B. Gne­dovsky. Moscow: Progress, 1985. 343 p. (in Russ­ian)
  22. Porus, V.N. “Na Mostu inter­pre­tat­siy: R. Mer­ton i sot­sial­naya epis­te­mologiya” [On the Bridge of Inter­pre­ta­tions: R. Mer­ton and Social Epis-temol­o­gy], Sot­si­ologiya nau­ki i tekhnologiy [Soci­ol­o­gy of Sci­ence and Tech­nol-ogy], 2010, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 28–38. (in Russ­ian)
  23. Stol­yaro­va, O.E. “’Skolko­vo’: arkhitek­turnyye zony obme­na” [Skolko­vo: archi­tec­tur­al trad­ing zones], Sot­si­ologiya nau­ki i tekhnologiy [Soci­ol­o­gy of Sci-ence and Tech­nol­o­gy], 2013, no. 4, pp. 132–143. (in Russ­ian)
  24. Thag­gard, P. Being inter­dis­ci­pli­nary: Trad­ing zones in cog­ni­tive sci­ence. In: S.Y. Der­ry, C.D. Schunn, M.A. Gerns­bach­er (eds) Inter­dis­ci­pli­nary col­lab­o­ra-tion: An emerg­ing cog­ni­tive sci­ence. Mah­wah, New York: Erl­baum, 2005, pp. 317–339.
  25. Tua­na, N. “Embed­ding Philoso­phers in the Prac­tices of Sci­ence: Bring­ing Human­i­ties to the Sci­ences”, Syn­these, 2013, vol. 190, iss. 11, pp. 1955–1973. DOI 10.1007/s11229-012‑0171-2
  26. Wundt, W. Metafizika [Meta­physik]. In: Phi­los­o­phy in its sys­tem­at­ic expo-sition by W. Dilthey, A. Riehl, W. Ost­wald, W. Wundt, H. Ebbing­haus, R. Euck­en, F. Paulsen, W. Muench, Th. Lipps. Moscow: Izd. Dom “Ter­ri­toriya budushego”, 2006, pp. 117–151. (in Russ­ian)

Comments are closed.