Apriorism of August Comte and positivism of William Whewell: communicative dissent by substantial consensus
Abstract. The article introduces the work by William Whewell “Auguste Comte and the Positivism.” It is maintained by the authors that the Comte’s ideas are considered in this essay only as a pretext and an excuse to declare a general protest against the growing critical attitude relative to scientific and social life, and also both to the evolution of nature and science, and to the development of the social order. This work by Whewell can be called the last manifesto of the so-called “old European semantics” with its doctrine of “truth perfectionism”, which assumes the achievement of the final state in the development of science, in which the basic truths would be formulated forever.
Keywords: William Whewell, Auguste Comte, apriorism, positivism, social epistemology, social philosophy of science, communication.
Alexander Yu. Antonovski: The reported study was funded by Rus-sian Foundation for Basic Research, project No. 17–03-00812-ОGN “The rise of the philosophy of science. William Hewell, a communica-tion circle and its effects for the 20th century.”
Raisa E. Barash: The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project No. 17–03-00733 “The Theory of the Niklas Luhmann’s Communicative Systems in its Aplication to the Russian Society”.
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