The Frankfurt school and the main trends of the historical-philosophical process in contemporary Germany

Svy­atoslav V. Shachin
Mur­man­sk Arc­tic State Uni­ver­si­ty
Vladimir A. Kutyrev
Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod
Evgeniy V. Maslanov
Insti­tute of Phi­los­o­phy, Russ­ian Acad­e­my of Sci­ences
Alex­ey A. Tarasov
Nizh­ny Nov­gorod Insti­tute of Man­age­ment
Artem M. Feygel­man
Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod
Dmitriy Yu. Shat­alov-Davy­dov
Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod
Ele­na V. Shat­alo­va-Davy­do­va

Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty of Nizh­ni Nov­gorod

The Frank­furt school and the main trends of the his­tor­i­cal-philo­soph­i­cal process in con­tem­po­rary Ger­many

Abstract. In Decem­ber 21, 2017 at the Lobachevsky State Uni­ver­si­ty the dis-cus­sion was held on the ideas of the Frank­furt School in the main­stream of the fol­low­ing aspects. First, the philo­soph­i­cal jus­ti­fi­ca­tion for the idea of jus­tice as the prin­ci­ple of a ratio­nal and pro­gres­sive social order. Sec­ond, the study of the real­i­ties of con­tem­po­rary world soci­ety as the “late cap­i­tal­ist” focused on under­stand­ing which pro­gres­sive social forces can insti­gate reform­ing of world cap­i­tal­ism toward the social demo­c­ra­t­ic ide­al of a ratio­nal and just soci­ety. Third, polit­i­cal stud­ies of how new soci­eties can emerge able to become a “group of influ­ence” in the mod­ern Euro­pean polit­i­cal process and imple­ment the philo­soph­i­cal ideals of the Frank­furt School. The par­tic­i­pants also con­sid­ered such key con­cepts of Jur­gen Haber­mas’ sys­tem as com­mu­nica­tive mind, com­mu­nica­tive action, and dis­course, as well as a num­ber of philo­soph­i­cal sources that influ­enced the for­ma­tion of his the­o­ry. Also some con­cepts of such con­tem­po­rary, though less known in Rus­sia, thinkers – fol­low­ers of the Frank­furt School’s ideas, as Axel Hon­neth and Rain­er Forst, were pre­sent­ed. The dis­cus­sion also touched upon pos­si­ble sce­nar­ios for the devel­op­ment of the world social process, includ­ing the issue of spir­i­tu­al­i­ty.

Key­words: social phi­los­o­phy, Frank­furt school, Jur­gen Haber­mas, Karl-Otto Apel, Axel Hon­neth, instru­men­tal rea­son, cap­i­tal­ism, the­o­ry of com­mu­nica­tive action.



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