Igor D. Nevvazhay
Saratov State Law Academy
The manifesto of the right philosophy
Abstract. The manifesto of right philosophy claims a project of possible development of contemporary non-classical philosophy. In postmodern philosophy a number of fundamental ideas of classical philosophy was subjected to shattering criticism. In this paper two ideas of classical philosophy became a subject of critical judgment. First, it is the metaphysical idea about existence of self-identical being. Secondly, the idea of existence of “primary” grounds of objective knowledge about the world. The non-classical philosophy is a philosophy of difference. I suggest interpreting the fundamental difference as a unity of the designated and the designating. This difference produces various oppositions, in particular, a distinction between the observed and the observing, so a sign is a border between them. From this point of view, the consciousness does not precede language, and language is not an expression of a certain value as the mental content of consciousness. Other ideas of the right philosophy is the distinction between fact and right and the demonstration that non-classical philosophy uses arguments which are not established facts and indisputable axioms, but opinions which can be acknowledged as legitimate and have to be modal (deontic) judgments. It means that philosophical reason has to focus on creation of norms (thinking, experience, action) which provide an effective interaction of a person (human society) with the world around and condition the sustaining and reproduction of human nature in a person. Hence, philosophy will be capable of solving a new task – to substantiate human reason rights and create a relevant legislation. The right philosophy is not a traditional legal philosophy (philosophy of law), but a specific philosophical movement which is subordinated to idea of right. It is an attempt to make philosophy semiotic, normative, communicative, right, and legitimate.
Keywords: presence metaphysics, philosophy of difference, difference and language, being and right, semiotic of norms, legislation of reason.
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