The manifesto of the right philosophy

Igor D. Nev­vazhay
Sara­tov State Law Acad­e­my

The man­i­festo of the right phi­los­o­phy

Abstract. The man­i­festo of right phi­los­o­phy claims a project of pos­si­ble devel­op­ment of con­tem­po­rary non-clas­si­cal phi­los­o­phy. In post­mod­ern phi­los­o­phy a num­ber of fun­da­men­tal ideas of clas­si­cal phi­los­o­phy was sub­ject­ed to shat­ter­ing crit­i­cism. In this paper two ideas of clas­si­cal phi­los­o­phy became a sub­ject of crit­i­cal judg­ment. First, it is the meta­phys­i­cal idea about exis­tence of self-iden­ti­cal being. Sec­ond­ly, the idea of exis­tence of “pri­ma­ry” grounds of objec­tive knowl­edge about the world. The non-clas­si­cal phi­los­o­phy is a phi­los­o­phy of dif­fer­ence. I sug­gest inter­pret­ing the fun­da­men­tal dif­fer­ence as a uni­ty of the des­ig­nat­ed and the des­ig­nat­ing. This dif­fer­ence pro­duces var­i­ous oppo­si­tions, in par­tic­u­lar, a dis­tinc­tion between the observed and the observ­ing, so a sign is a bor­der between them. From this point of view, the con­scious­ness does not pre­cede lan­guage, and lan­guage is not an expres­sion of a cer­tain val­ue as the men­tal con­tent of con­scious­ness. Oth­er ideas of the right phi­los­o­phy is the dis­tinc­tion between fact and right and the demon­stra­tion that non-clas­si­cal phi­los­o­phy uses argu­ments which are not estab­lished facts and indis­putable axioms, but opin­ions which can be acknowl­edged as legit­i­mate and have to be modal (deon­tic) judg­ments. It means that philo­soph­i­cal rea­son has to focus on cre­ation of norms (think­ing, expe­ri­ence, action) which pro­vide an effec­tive inter­ac­tion of a per­son (human soci­ety) with the world around and con­di­tion the sus­tain­ing and repro­duc­tion of human nature in a per­son. Hence, phi­los­o­phy will be capa­ble of solv­ing a new task – to sub­stan­ti­ate human rea­son rights and cre­ate a rel­e­vant leg­is­la­tion. The right phi­los­o­phy is not a tra­di­tion­al legal phi­los­o­phy (phi­los­o­phy of law), but a spe­cif­ic philo­soph­i­cal move­ment which is sub­or­di­nat­ed to idea of right. It is an attempt to make phi­los­o­phy semi­otic, nor­ma­tive, com­mu­nica­tive, right, and legit­i­mate.

Key­words: pres­ence meta­physics, phi­los­o­phy of dif­fer­ence, dif­fer­ence and lan­guage, being and right, semi­otic of norms, leg­is­la­tion of rea­son.



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