University of expertise – university after ruins

Evgeniy V. Maslanov
Insti­tute of Phi­los­o­phy, Russ­ian Acad­e­my of Sci­ences

Uni­ver­si­ty of exper­tise – uni­ver­si­ty after ruins

Abstract. The arti­cle ana­lyzes one of the pos­si­ble ap-proach­es to build­ing a new uni­ver­si­ty. Based on a com­par­i­son of the func­tion­ing of the Hum­boldt­ian and Entre­pre­neur­ial uni­ver­si­ties, the author argues that they do not ful­ly sat­is­fy the con­tem­po­rary needs of soci­ety. Focused on free­dom of teach­ing and edu­ca­tion through research, the Hum­boldt­ian uni­ver­si­ty is cur­rent­ly being found in ruins. It gives sci­en­tists the spe­cial sta­tus of car­ri­ers of a cer­tain epis­temic author­i­ty, which can­not be crit­i­cized. The Entre­pre­neur­ial uni­ver­si­ty turns sci­en­tists into entre­pre­neurs. They have no par­tic­u­lar epis­temic author­i­ty. As a result, the author con­cludes that a change in the func­tion­ing of uni­ver­si­ties can be described through a change in the epis­temic posi­tion of sci­en­tists. From those who had a monop­oly on knowl­edge and exper­tise they have turned into one of many dif­fer­ent experts. In this con­text, the paper sug­gests con­sid­er­ing a new mod­el of the uni­ver­si­ty – the uni­ver­si­ty of exper­tise. Keep­ing all valu­able from the Hum­boldt­ian and Entre­pre­neur­ial uni­ver­si­ties, the new mod­el pays more atten­tion to the for­ma­tion of com­pe­ten­cies asso­ci­at­ed with the exper­tise of teach­ers and stu­dents.

Key­words: Hum­boldt­ian uni­ver­si­ty, Entre­pre­neur­ial uni­ver­si­ty, exper­tise, sci­ence stud­ies, edu­ca­tion

DOI: 10.5840/dspl20192338


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