Lyudmila A. Markova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
The individual as the basis of the dialogical communication
Abstract. The logic of a new type, which was forming after the scientific revolution of the twentieth century, is the opposite of the classic one primarily because it does not destroy its precursor but enters with it into dialogical relations. Dialogue requires at least two logical subjects. If you are unable to cope with a new problem by means of classical logic, its solution is either postponed for the future, or it is ignored as unresolved. Non-classical logic, however, possesses its own way out. The evidence that cannot be explained is provided with a new logic, which enters into dialogue with the classics. The peculiarity of this train of thought is that the direction of thought, its orientation is aimed primarily not at the object of research but at the subject, and a turn of thinking occurs, which philosophers and sociologists often argue about in different contexts. Logic is not so much written off from reality as it emerges in the head of a scientist (philosopher, logician), though being created in different ways. One or another property is selected from reality, and on their basis, the logic of all reality is being built. Classical logic distinguishes general properties of objects and events but ignores individual features. Non-classic logic, on the contrary, highlights features that distinguish some objects from others. The peculiarity of non-classics is that it does not destroy its predecessor since it needs it as an interlocutor.
Keywords: reality, human, empirical, logic, general, individual, context, thinking, activity
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