On William Whewell’s philosophy of education

Liana A. Tukhvat­uli­na
Insti­tute of Phi­los­o­phy, Russ­ian Acad­e­my of Sci­ences

On William Whewell’s phi­los­o­phy of edu­ca­tion

Abstract. This is an intro­duc­tion to the Russ­ian trans­la­tion of the first chap­ter from William Whewell’s “On the Prin­ci­ples of Eng­lish Uni­ver­si­ty Edu­ca-tion”. The author makes a short review of the sit­u­a­tion in Cam­bridge uni­ver­si­ty at the begin­ning of the XIX cen­tu­ry. She pays spe­cial atten­tion to the devel­op­ment of math­e­mat­ics in Cam­bridge. The author recon­structs the key ideas about the uni­ver­si­ty edu­ca­tion and teach­ing pro­vid­ed by Whewell. She claims that Whewell’s phi­los­o­phy of edu­ca­tion makes a con­tri­bu­tion to a prop­er under­stand­ing of the ways for mod­ern­iza­tion of Russ­ian edu­ca­tion. She argues that the “prac­ti­cal” way of teach­ing, which was de-fend­ed by Whewell, could be imple­ment­ed through inte­gra­tion of STS pro­gram in Russ­ian uni­ver­si­ties.

Key­words: Whewell, edu­ca­tion, Cam­bridge, reform, phi­los­o­phy of sci­ence, mod­ern­iza­tion

DOI: 10.5840/dspl20192224

This research is sup­port­ed by the Russ­ian Foun­da­tion of Basic Re-search, research project no. 17–03-00812 “The Rise of Phi­los­o­phy of Sci­ence. William Whewell, His Com­mu­ni­ca­tion Cir­cle and the Effects for the 20th Cen­tu­ry”.


  1. Art. VII”, Edin­burgh Review, or Crit­i­cal Jour­nal: for Octo­ber, 1835 … Jan­u­ary, 1836, vol. LXII. Edin­burgh: Bal­lan­tyne and Co., 1836, pp. 409–455.
  2. McMackin Gar­land, M. Cam­bridge before Dar­win. The Ide­al of Lib­er­al Edu­ca­tion, 1800–1860. Cam­bridge: Cam­bridge Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 1980, x+196 pp.
  3. Yeo, R. Defin­ing Sci­ence. William Whewell, Nat­ur­al Knowl­edge, and Pub­lic Debate in Ear­ly Vic­to­ri­an Britain. Cam­bridge: Cam­bridge Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 2003. XIII +280 pp.

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