Ilya T. Kasavin
RAS Institute of Philosophy
National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod
The future of humanity and the new picture of the world
Abstract. This article is a response to the recent forty-third report to the Club of Rome prepared for its 50th anniversary. This report focuses not only on the analysis of contemporary global problems, but al- so on their source – a worldview crisis. Global risks and threats to the very existence of humanity, repeatedly noted in the previous reports, can be overcome only through a radical change in the worldview, which means a “new enlightenment.” The world has changed so much because of human activity that there is no longer room for extensive development. From here, this is a “complete world” – the world not of Newton but rather of Descartes, – in which any act has a pro- found impact on the environment. In contrast to it, the human mind has not changed, which is fraught with the most tragic disasters. It seems that the most convincing is the first part of the report that demonstrates the depth and global nature of the current crisis. The second part, which focuses on criticizing some vague conglomerate under the name of “modern philosophy” and on the declaration of a “new Enlightenment”, deserves criticism because of its syncretism and the desire to combine the incompatible. The last part of the report, which contains practical recommendations, is more difficult to assess, since they require practical testing. Yet, the proposed solutions in many cases look hardly feasible, or even quite utopian. Probably, the only function performed by the report in full, is to attract public attention to the difficult situation in which con- temporary world exists.
Keywords: crisis, global problems, complete world, new Enlightenment, balance, sustainable development
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